Wound and scabs on the skin, tormenting itching and sleepless nights. This experience parents of children who are suffering from atopic dermatitis. This skin disease, also known medically as atopic eczema, can be a major physical and psychological stress test for affected families. Read important facts about atopic dermatitis here and how you as a family deal with it if your child has been diagnosed.
What exactly is eczema?
Neurodermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that is not contagious. Due to very dry skin, scabrous, sore and red areas of the skin, which can itch extremely, develop all over the body. The skin of atopic dermatitisers can store bad moisture and also has a lack of skin fats. Through constant scratching, the skin becomes even more irritated and continues to inflame.
Eczema in the baby and toddler often genetic
If one parent suffers from atopic dermatitis, the likelihood is 40 percent that an eczema also develops in the child. A disease of both parents even leads to a statistical probability of 60 to 80 percent. Other factors that affect the disease include mental factors, environmental factors or certain food intolerances. Even if the genetic disposition is present, the disease does not necessarily break out in the child. Anyone who knows about the predisposition can take preventive measures in advance to prevent the onset of the disease in their child. These include proper skin care and an adequate allergy-adapted diet.
The nuts and bolts of children with neurodermatitis: the right care
Since the skin of eczema children is generally very dry and sensitive to external stimuli, the following skin care tips should be taken into account:
To prevent further drying of the skin, you should never bathe your child too hot
Refatting oil baths are suitable to prevent further drying of the skin
The skin of the child should be treated daily with a moisturizing cream, especially after showering and bathing. Here are particularly suitable products containing urea. This regulates the moisture content of the skin.
In itself: Showers is better than too long baths
Neurodermatitis skin often reacts strongly to external stimuli
For this reason, the following precautions should be taken:
Children’s clothing should always be made of natural materials such as cotton or linen. Avoid materials made of wool or synthetic fibers, as these may additionally irritate the skin
Always wash clothing before wearing it for the first time and if possible do without softener
Heavy sweating additionally irritates the skin and intensifies the itching. Therefore, you should take care that your child is not dressed too warm
Be sure to keep your child’s fingernails relatively short. It is inevitable that the child will scratch. Too long nails hold the danger that your child will scratch the skin bloody. Sometimes it helps, especially at night, to put special cotton mittens on the child
The right medical treatment of children with atopic dermatitis
If you suspect that your child is suffering from atopic dermatitis, you should consult a specialist in this skin disease. These are either paediatricians or dermatologists. The doctor will make a reliable diagnosis to your child through discussions and more detailed examinations and work out and discuss a treatment plan with you. There may also be a need for various food intolerance or allergic tests.
To deal properly with the burden of the disease
Conversations and open dealing with the disease Neurodermatitis help affected parents and their children. Even the parents should make clear agreements in dealing with the sick child:
Especially the nights are marked in children with neurodermatitis children from excruciating itching and insomnia. Make arrangements as a parent couple who cares about the child at night, so that everyone has the opportunity to sleep through a night
Talk to your child about the disease and give it an understanding. Children often struggle with teasing from other children. It is important here that your child knows how to handle his illness in an open, self-confident manner. Even if the body is in some phases visibly marked by the skin disease
Well-meant advice from other people will often hear affected parents. Too many other opinions and too well-intentioned advice often unsettle more than they help. Position yourself clearly to others. It is important that with the right medical help and information about the disease you find your own way, so that you and your family are doing well.
Neurodermatitis training for parents and child
Information about and dealing with the disease Eczema is very important for the whole family. Under certain circumstances, the disease can change the whole family life and is a great stress test for the affected child as well as for the parents. Especially children and adolescents often find it difficult to deal with this disease in their everyday life. Frequently, quality-assured training is offered to affected families in almost all cities to facilitate the management of the disease. For more information, please contact your doctor or the health insurance company.